Food Variety

The component that we consume, which provides nourishment to the body, is called food.

E.g., Rice, chapati, curry, fruits, vegetables, cheese, bread, milk, curd, butter, etc.

The components or materials required to prepare a food item are called as ingredients.

E.g., different types of vegetables, spices are ingredients for sambar.

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Food Variety
Food Variety and Sources
Food Materials and Sources
Food Items
We eat different food items every day.
Each of these food items requires ingredients to make them.
E.g., Chicken curry is made with chicken, spices, oil/ghee and water.
Food Sources
The ingredients of a food item can be obtained from either plants or animals.
So there are plant products and animal products.
E.g., We get rice grains from rice plants.
Chicken is an animal source of food.
Items like salt and water make a third category.
To know more about Food Material and Resources, click on the links below;

Food Material and Sources
Food – Where Does it Come From?
Plant Parts and Animal Products as Food
Plant Products
The food products that we get from plants are called as the plant products.
E.g., ginger is the root of a plant that we use in cooking.
Animal Products
The food products that we get from animals are called animal products.
E.g. Milk, butter, chicken, meat, honey etc.
To know more about Animal and Plant Products, click on the link below;

Animal and Plant Products

What Do Animals Eat?
Food Habits
The method of eating or choices of food followed by living organisms is called as food habit.
E.g. a rabbit eats grass or plant-based food.
Animals which feed on plants are called herbivores.

E.g., cow, goat etc.
Animals which feed on other animals are called carnivores.

E.g., lion, tiger etc

To know more about Carnivores and Herbivores, click on the link below;

Carnivores and Herbivores

Animals which feed on both plants and other animals are called omnivores.

E.g., bears. They feed on flesh as well as honey